Nutritional Status and Anaemia : Children
Malnutrition continues to be an important risk factor for child deaths in developing countries, including India. Research shows that mortality rates among children with severely acute malnutrition is 5-20 times higher than it is among well-nourished children (UNICEF, 2008).
According to the Human Development Report (UNDP, 2006), India has the highest proportion of undernourished children in the world, along with Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Nepal.
Children are considered to be malnourished if they fall more than 2 standard deviations below the median of the WHO international growth standards on their height-for-age (stunting), weight-for-height (wasting), and weight-for-age (underweight).
NFHS-3 found that in India the nutritional status of children in urban areas is much better than the nutritional status of children in rural areas.
Anaemia, which has several adverse health consequences, is widely prevalent in India, particularly among children. In the eight cities, 49-68 percent of children ages 6-59 months are anaemic.