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| Last Updated:: 15/02/2016

Cropping Pattern


Agriculture    >   Cropping Pattern


Cropping Pattern

Out of total cultivable land in Maharashtra about 60% land is under food grain crops, and Maharashtra contribute only 5.8% production of food grains in India because Jowar is dominating crop but its yield is low (583 kg/ha).Maharashtra is major producer of Jowar and Arhar contributing 46.09 and 29.11 %, respectively to the total production of India. It is second largest producer of Cotton (22.21%), Soybean (28.14%), and total cereals (13.56%) in the country.

Cropping Pattern Major crop
Rainfed (Kharif) Paddy
Single cropping Wheat
Rabi Sorghum
Double Cropping (Kharif-Rabi) Paddy – Lab –Lab
Paddy–mixed pulses like lentil
Urad/Mung- Rabi Sorghum + Tur Irrigated
Kharif – Rabi-Summer Paddy – Wheat
Rabi only Kharif-vegetables –Rabi-Vegetables
Kharif-Jowar – Summer-Groundnut
Kharif Vegetables (Potato) – Summer-Groundnut


Annual Crops (Irrigated conditions): Sugarcane, Banana, Perennial, Mango, Cashew, Guava.

Land holding and Soil Type

In Konkan zone, mostly Laterite and acidic coarse, shallow soil is found. In western ghat zone light, laterite and reddish brown soil is found. In Transition zone - 1 & Transition zone - 2mostly reddish brown to black and moderately alkaline soil is found. Montomorilonite clay soil is found in scare city zone.

Scope of Farm Mechanization

The total power availability of Maharashtra state was 0.70 kW/ ha during the year 2001 which is less than national average of 1.35 kW/ha during the same year. The food grain production of the state is less than the national average. There is great scope for mechanisation in the state and especially horticultural crops. Efforts are on to develop sugarcane combine for harvesting of sugarcane as labour is not available for harvesting. Grapes are being grown and being exported. There is need to mechanise grape production by introducing machines for its planting, application of biogas slurry, fertigation, irrigation, spraying and harvesting. Citrus is also grown on large area and its needs mechanisation. Cotton occupies large area efforts are being made to develop cotton cultivars suitable for harvesting with self-propelled cotton picker. Area under soybean is on the rise and it also needs to be mechanised. The sale of tractors has picked up in Maharashtra since last few years.