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| Last Updated:: 15/02/2016

Percentage distribution of slum household by source, NFHS (2005-2006)

 

Urbanization    >   2008-11

 



1. Percentage distribution of slum household by source, time to collect drinking water, India, NFHS (2005-2006)

Drinking water characteristics Slum Non-Slum
Delhi Mumbai Other cities Total Delhi Mumbai Other cities Total
Source of drinking water
Improved source of drinking water 93.95 99.86 92.70 96.06 89.83 100.00 89.89 91.18
Piped into dwelling 42.68 59.29 19.90 44.17 77.66 80.91 29.01 64.33
Piped into yard/plot 6.69 28.00 26.95 20.00 3.82 11.27 32.72 12.97
Public tap/standpipe 35.03 12.43 32.49 25.28 4.03 7.64 17.79 8.39
Tubewell or borewell 9.39 0.14 12.85 6.43 4.27 0.18 9.87 5.32
Protected well 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.12 0.04 0.00 0.59 0.19
Non-improved source of drinking water 6.05 0.14 7.30 3.94 10.13 0.00 10.03 8.77
Unprotected well 0.00 0.00 0.76 0.17 0.00 0.00 0.84 0.24
Tanker truck 5.89 0.00 4.53 3.19 7.53 0.00 2.19 5.03
Cart with small tank 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.06 0.20 0.00 0.08 0.14
Bottled water1 0.32 0.14 1.76 0.58 2.40 0.00 6.83 3.34
Time to obtain drinking water
Water on premises 55.66 89.68 60.10 70.48 87.13 93.61 77.45 85.24
Less than 30 minutes 30.94 9.46 35.86 23.36 7.90 6.20 20.35 11.20
30 minutes or longer 13.40 0.86 4.04 6.16 4.97 0.18 2.20 3.56

Note: 1 Because the quality of bottled water is not known in slums


2: Percentage distribution of slum households by type of toilet/latrine facilities, India, NFHS (2005-2006)

Type of toilet/latrine facility Slum Non-Slum
Delhi Mumbai Other cities Total Delhi Mumbai Other cities Total
Improved 47.13 95.70 77.33 73.77 94.46 99.64 79.93 91.03
Flush/pour flush to piped sewer system 40.96 91.50 48.48 63.15 83.32 98.18 52.66 76.60
Flush/pour flush to septic tank 5.60 4.61 25.51 9.80 10.98 1.09 23.97 13.36
Flush/pour flush to pit latrine 0.96 0.14 2.78 1.05 0.16 0.18 2.70 0.88
Ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine/biogas latrine 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.07
Pit latrine with slab 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.12 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.14
Not improved 52.23 3.72 22.42 25.71 5.54 0.36 19.90 8.92
Flush/pour flush not to sewer/septic tank/pit latrine 31.68 2.16 16.67 16.27 2.24 0.18 17.89 6.39
Pit latrine without slab/open pit 0.16 0.00 0.25 0.12 0.12 0.00 0.17 0.12
Dry toilet 1.44 0.00 0.25 0.58 0.57 0.00 0.08 0.36
No facility/open space/field 19.20 1.59 5.30 8.86 2.60 0.36 1.77 2.08
Other 0.64 0.57 0.25 0.52 0.00 0.00 0.17 0.05



3.Percentage distribution of slum households by housing characteristics, India, NFHS (2005-2006)

Housing characteristics Slum Non-Slum
Delhi Mumbai Other cities Total Delhi Mumbai Other cities Total
Electricity 98.09 99.57 94.46 97.86 99.67 99.09 98.23 99.19
Type of house
Kachha 1.28 0.14 0.76 0.70 0.90 0.00 0.25 0.60
Semi-pucca 12.00 2.30 13.96 8.51 1.30 1.83 7.43 3.10
Pucca 86.72 97.56 85.28 90.79 97.80 98.17 92.32 96.30
Rooms for sleeping
1 79.43 73.96 65.58 74.01 45.28 70.86 51.14 50.29
2 16.11 23.61 26.88 21.64 37.83 25.68 36.23 35.78
3+ 4.47 2.43 7.54 4.35 16.90 3.46 12.64 13.93



4: Percentage distribution of slum households by cooking fuel/place of cooking, India, NFHS (2005-2006)

Cooking fuel/Place of cooking Slum Non-Slum
Delhi Mumbai Other cities Total Delhi Mumbai Other cities Total
Electricity 1.91 0.14 0.25 0.81 1.06 0.36 0.50 0.81
LPG/Natural gas 46.42 67.81 50.00 55.90 88.54 84.88 74.43 84.07
Biogas 0.16 0.00 0.75 0.23 0.00 0.00 0.67 0.19
Kerosene 29.89 30.19 27.50 29.46 4.63 13.30 15.48 8.84
Coal, lignite 0.16 0.14 4.25 1.10 0.00 0.18 1.18 0.36
Charcoal 0.16 0.00 0.75 0.23 0.12 0.00 0.25 0.14
Wood 17.65 0.86 11.50 9.43 3.25 0.18 5.30 3.43
Straw/shrubs/grass 0.16 0.00 0.75 0.23 0.12 0.00 0.34 0.17
Agricultural crop 0.00 0.00 0.25 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.08 0.02
Animal dung 1.75 0.00 2.75 1.27 0.85 0.18 0.50 0.67
Other 1.75 0.86 1.25 1.27 1.42 0.91 1.26 1.31
Place for cooking
In the house, separate room 25.92 40.83 47.86 37.03 72.86 60.66 68.83 70.12
In the house, no separate room 60.96 57.74 41.31 55.12 22.15 37.52 23.25 24.48
In a separate building 1.44 0.43 2.52 1.28 2.00 0.91 3.71 2.34
Outdoors 10.08 0.14 7.30 5.41 2.04 0.18 3.12 2.10
Other 1.60 0.86 1.01 1.16 0.94 0.73 1.10 0.96
Food cooked on stove or open fire
Open fire (including Chullah) 38.82 2.69 41.24 28.55 42.98 2.50 31.25 32.13
Stove 58.07 94.62 56.70 68.74 47.11 91.25 64.24 60.98
Other 3.11 2.69 2.06 2.71 9.92 6.25 4.51 6.89



5. Percentage distribution of slum households possessing various household goods, means of transport, percentage with a bank account, health scheme/insurance, BPL card, India, NFHS (2005-2006)

Household possession Slum Non-Slum
Delhi Mumbai Other cities Total Delhi Mumbai Other cities Total
Household goods
Mattress 70.22 74.68 67.00 71.29 92.35 90.15 77.84 87.96
Pressure cooker 69.75 81.26 68.01 74.01 92.68 90.51 81.87 89.34
Chair 43.54 61.52 69.60 56.84 82.87 81.93 84.50 83.21
Cot or bed 77.55 67.67 78.39 73.74 91.01 84.28 84.08 88.17
Table 42.52 51.72 53.65 48.81 82.66 77.74 71.69 78.91
Electric fan 86.31 94.42 88.66 90.14 95.28 96.53 94.69 95.28
Radio or transistor 36.94 40.97 38.54 38.94 57.61 56.75 49.16 55.10
Television (black and white) 21.97 13.16 27.64 19.71 16.84 6.96 21.25 16.80
Television (colour) 49.36 66.52 49.25 56.29 77.91 83.58 66.86 75.52
Any television 67.99 77.94 74.31 73.48 87.67 88.52 84.92 87.01
Sewing machine 32.32 18.62 24.62 25.00 63.16 19.56 29.51 47.95
Mobile telephone 30.41 45.35 32.24 36.89 66.71 61.97 52.99 62.20
Any other type of telephone 12.76 26.79 16.62 19.34 45.47 49.82 37.66 43.82
Computer 3.82 6.15 5.29 5.10 19.67 15.69 16.51 18.25
Refrigerator 30.94 36.48 24.43 31.69 69.57 65.81 45.91 62.38
Watch 84.90 91.27 89.92 88.64 93.89 94.71 94.52 94.18
Water pump 6.53 0.57 10.55 5.04 16.14 0.37 17.86 14.57
Means of transport
Bicycle 24.20 13.73 46.85 25.17 37.35 14.78 46.21 36.90
Motorcycle or scooter 12.58 11.16 23.12 14.43 41.94 19.20 41.28 38.79
Car 2.71 2.58 3.53 2.84 18.67 6.59 11.20 14.98
  
Percentage having a bank account/post office account 43.86 62.71 48.36 52.55 71.55 80.84 64.25 70.70
Percentage covered by a health scheme/health insurance 5.57 6.58 7.04 6.32 16.15 21.35 14.57 16.38
Percentage owing a BPL card 5.41 2.58 13.60 6.15 1.34 1.46 8.25 3.31