Urban Sprawl means different things to different people Calthorpe and Fulton, (2001, 2) note. While some view sprawl as an unintended consequence of a lifestyle in suburban house and auto commute to work, others consider it a waste of resources—land, water, air, and energy—and, above all else, inimical to civic life if not the economy and society (Kunstler 1993, Duany et al. 2000).
Each specialization has its own ―language of sprawl (see Hayden, 2004). While professionals from different specializations shed lights on various aspects of urban sprawl, the differences in language and perspectives (e.g. architects, planners, real estate agents, bankers, land-use regulators) contributes to the lack of a cohesive definition.
Hayden (2004, 8) defines sprawl as - a process of large-scale real estate development resulting in low-density, scattered, discontinuous car-dependent construction, usually on the periphery of declining older suburbs and shrinking city centres.
Bourne (2001, 26) recounts observations about sprawl, such as - any extension of the suburban margin, the spread of development onto sensitive Greenfields and agricultural soils, increases in highway congestion, the proliferation of new subdivisions of homogeneous and low density, single-family housing. A - suburban development that is ―haphazard, disorganized, poorly serviced, and largely unplanned.