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| Last Updated:: 15/02/2016

Population and its Growth, India: 1901-2011

 

Population    >   2013-14

 

Census Years Population Decadal growth Change in decadal growth Average annual exponential growth rate (percent) Progressive growth rate over 1901 (percent)
Absolute Percent Absolute Percent
1901 23,83,96,327   - - - - -
1911 25,20,93,390 1,36,97,063 5.75 - - 0.56 5.75
1921 25,13,21,213 -7,22,177 (0.31) -14469240 -6.05 -0.03 5.42
1931 27,89,77,238 2,76,56,025 11.00 28428202 11.31 1.04 17.02
1941 31,86,60,580 3,96,83,342 14.22 12027317 3.22 1.33 33.67
19511 36,10,88,090 4,24,27,510 13.31 2744168 -0.91 1.25 51.47
19611 43,92,34,771 7,81,46,681 21.64 35719171 8.33 1.96 84.25
1971 54,81,59,652 10,89,24,881 24.806 30778200 3.16 2.20 129.94
19812 68,33,29.097 13,51,69,445 24.666 26244564 -0.14 2.22 186.64
19913 84,64,21,039 16,30,91,942 23.87 27922497 17.12 2.16 255.05
20014 1,02,87,37,436 18,23,16,397 21.54 19224455 10.54 1.97 331.52
20115 1,21,01,93,422 18,14,55,986 17.64 -860411 -0.47 1.64 407.64



 

Source:Census 2011 : Provisional Population Total - INDIA

Notes:

    • In working out “Decadal Growth” and ‘Percentage Decadal Growth’ for India 1941-51 and 1951-61 the population of Tuensang district for 1951 (7,025) and the population of Tuensang (83,501) and Mon (5,774) districts for 1961 Census of Ngaland state have not been taken into account as the areas were censused for the first time in 1951 and the same are not comparable.

    • The 1981 Census could not be held owing to disturbed conditions prevalling in Assam. Hence the population figures for 1981 Census of Assam have been worked out by ‘interpolation’.

    • The 1991 Census could not be held owing to disturbed conditions prevailing in Jammu and Kashmir. Hence the population figures for 1991 Census of Jammu and Kashmir have been worked out by ‘interpolation’.

    • Includes estimated population of Paomata, Mao Maram and Pural sub-divisions of Senapati District of Manipur for 2001.

    • Includes estimated population of Paomata, Mao Maram and Pural sub-divisions of Senapati District of Manipur for 2011.

    • The percentage decadal growth shown in column 4 of Statement 2 indicates a decline from 24.80 percent during the decade 1961-71 to 24.66 percent during this decade 1971-81, while the average annual exponential growth rate presented in column 7 of this statement shows an increase from 2.20 to 2.22. This is because the percent decadal variation has not been adjusted for the shift in reference date in 1971. The decadal variation for 1961-71 relates to 121 months while that 1971-81 relates to 119 months . If we adjust for this difference, the percentage decadal growth works out of 24.59 percent for 1961-71 and 24.87 percent for the decade 1971-81.