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| Last Updated:: 15/02/2016

Environmental Factors Affecting Child Health in India, NFHS-2 Data

 

Health    >   2015-16

 

INDIA Percent of Children suffering in past two weeks from Number of Children
Cough accompanied by fast breathing Fever Diarrhoea
Any With Blood
Age of the Child
1-5 months 17.4 20.9 16.9 0.9 5074
6-11 months 23.7 33.6 25.1 2.8 4901
12-23 months 20.0 33.4 21.3 2.9 10076
24-35 months 17.5 27.8 15.1 3.0 9813
Sex of the Child
Male 20.7 30.3 19.4 2.5 15515
Female 17.9 28.5 18.9 2.6 14349
Standard of living Index
Low 21.0 29.8 19.9 3.2 10710
Medium 19.4 30.1 19.7 2.6 13906
High 15.7 26.7 16.1 1.3 4889
Source of Drinking Water
Piped water 15.1 28.4 19.3 1.8 9697
Hand Pump 21.7 29.6 19.2 3.2 13343
Well water 21.1 30.9 18.5 2.5 5834
Surface Water 19.3 30.0 22.1 3.8 783
Other 17.6 34.6 16.8 1.4 200
Purification of water
Staining by cloth 18.6 29.0 22.0 2.3 5151
Alum 20.3 29.0 18.8 1.6 323
Water filter 12.2 25.4 15.2 0.9 1159
Boiling 16.9 31.2 16.5 1.8 2054
Electronic Purifier 20.8 24.2 18.0 0.1 69
Nothing 19.9 29.6 19.0 2.8 216
Other 23.3 30.3 25.2 3.3 21673
Total 19.3 29.5 15.0 2.6 29864


Source: I.I.P.S: NFHS Survey (NFHS-2), India, 1998-99 NFHS –2 Survey collected data regarding the prevalence and treatment of acute respiratory infection (ARI), fever and diarrhoea. Mothers of children less than three years old were asked if their children suffered from cough, fever or diarrhoea  during the two weeks preceding the survey and it so, the type of treatment given. Accuracy of all these measures is affected by the reliability of the mother’s recall of when the disease episode  occurred. The two-week recall period is thought to be most suitable for ensuring that there will be an  adequate number of cases to analyze and that recall errors  will not be too serious. Table above shows the percentage of children with cough accompanied by fast  breathing (symptoms of acute respiratory infection), fever and diarrhoea during the two weeks preceding the survey by selected background characteristics in India.