JavaScript must be enabled in order for you to use the Site in standard view. However, it seems JavaScript is either disabled or not supported by your browser. To use standard view, enable JavaScript by changing your browser options.

 
| Last Updated:: 27/02/2017

Biogeographical Zones of India


India is country of vast biodiversity. It is divided into ten major regions, based on the geography, climate and pattern of vegetation seen and the communities of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibia, insects and other invertebrates that live in them. Each of these regions contains a variety of ecosystems such as forests, grasslands, lakes, rivers, wetlands, mountains and hills, which have specific plant and animal species.

(Click on the Region to know more...)


Biogeographical Zones


Biogeographical Provinces



% of geographical area of India

Trans Himalaya  1A: Himalaya -Ladakh Mountains
 1B: Himalaya -Tibetan Plateau
 1C: Trans - Himalaya Sikkim
3.3
2.2
<0.1
The Himalaya  2A: Himalaya - North West Himalaya
 2B: Himalaya - West Himalaya
 2C: Himalaya - Central Himalaya
 2D: Himalaya - East Himalaya
2.1
1.6
0.2
2.5
The Indian Desert  3A: Desert - Thar
 3B: Desert - Kutch
5.4
1.1
The Semi Arid  4A: Semi - Arid - Punjab Plains
 4B: Semi - Arid - Gujarat Rajputana
3.7
12.9
The Western Ghats  5A: Western Ghats - Malabar Plains
 5B: Western Ghats -Western Ghats Mountains
2.0
2.0
The Deccan Peninsula  6A: Deccan Peninsular - Central Highlands
 6B: Deccan Peninsular - Chotta Nagpur
 6C: Deccan Peninsular - Eastern Highlands
 6D: Deccan Peninsular - Central Plateau
 6E: Deccan Peninsular - Deccan South
7.3
5.4
6.3
12.5
10.4
The Gangetic Plains  7A: Gangetic Plain - Upper Gangetic Plains
 7B: Gangetic Plain - Lower Gangetic Plains
6.3
4.5
The Coasts  8A: Coasts - West Coast
 8B: Coasts - East Coast
 8C: Coasts - Lakshdweep
0.6
1.9
<0.1
Northeast India  9A: North - East - Brahamputra Valley
 9B: North - East - North East Hills
2.0
3.2
Islands  10A: Islands - Andamans
 10B: Islands - Nicobars
0.2
0.1


Source:
 
1. http://cpreec.org/132.html
 
2. http://www.moef.nic.in/downloads/public-information/critically_endangered_booklet.pdf

3. http://www.upsbdb.org/pdf/Souvenir2014/ch-12.pdf

4. http://www.cibtech.org/J-Plant-Sciences/PUBLICATIONS/2014/Vol-3-No-3/JPS-008-SURENDJPS-009-SURENDRA-STATUS-CHALLENGESRA-ACCEPT-BIODIVERSITY-CONSERVATION.pdf